Ross Sea Region Soil Sites
543000
543
14-Jan-1988
IBC, GGC
Taylor Valley region, Transantarctic Mountains
SITE KEY
SITE NO
REASON SAMPLED
DATE RECORDED
AUTHORS
Soil weathering examination
DESCRIPTION
Ross Island & Vicinity, Antarctica, 1:250 000 US Geological Survey, 1986
MAP SURVEY
CS Lscp & Pro
PHOTO RECORD
No
161.0670
/
-77.8367
LAT LONG
77deg 50.2'S
-161deg -4.0'E
/
Lat/Long (deg)
]
New Valley, approximately 3km northwest of New Mountain on the south side of the upper Taylor Glacier; on the west side of a bench at the mouth of New Valley; a gently 
sloping slightly uneven till covered surface
ALTITUDE (m)
GEOLOGICAL 
SETTING
2
SLOPE (deg)
NE
ASPECT
1,510
cf. Notes for GEOLAND below
(2o)
TEMPERATURE  (degC)
DEPTH (cm)
0
-9.0
 17/Jan/88:9pm
surface
0
-6.0
 17/Jan/88:3pm
surface
0
14.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
surface
0
-1.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
surface
1
-7.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
 
1
9.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
 
1
-9.0
 17/Jan/88:9pm
 
1
-1.0
 17/Jan/88:3pm
 
6
1.0
 17/Jan/88:3pm
 
6
0.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
 
6
-8.0
 17/Jan/88:9pm
 
6
-8.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
 
15
-8.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
 
15
-1.0
 17/Jan/88:3pm
 
15
-6.5
 17/Jan/88:9pm
 
15
-2.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
 
30
-4.5
 17/Jan/88:3pm
 
30
-6.5
 17/Jan/88:9pm
 
30
-5.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
 
30
-7.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
 
65
-5.0
 17/Jan/88:12noon
 
65
-6.0
 17/Jan/88:6am
 
65
-5.0
 17/Jan/88:3pm
 
65
-6.0
 17/Jan/88:9pm
 
Xerous to subxerous; occasional light summer snow falls with brief surface soil moistening
SOIL MOISTURE STATUS
-30
Est MAT (degC)
Central Mountain
SOIL CLIMATE ZONE
Dolerite and sandstone till with some granite forming paleosols
SOIL PARENT MATERIAL
Nil at site
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
Nil
PATTERNED GROUND
SURFACE WEATHERING  or 
SURFACE FEATURES
Some granite boulders strongly oxidised and crumbled, others with a fresher appearance; well developed cavernous weathering; dolerite strongly stained 
and pitted; well developed pavement with polish and ventiforms; abundant salts beneath surface stones
PREVIOUS DISTURBANCE
Nil
PROFILE DESCRIPTION
543a 3-0cm
101
 surface pebbles, cobbles and granular sand
Part
102
 rock particles subrounded, strongly stained and polished
Part
103
 salts beneath surface stones,
Part
543b 0-4cm
201
 brown (7.5YR 5/4) sandy granular gravel
Part
202
 moderately cohesive
Part
203
 moderately developed vesicular structure
Part
204
 rock particles subrounded, moderately to strongly stained and some partly altered
Part
205
 distinct boundary,
Part
543c 4-16cm
301
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sandy gravel
Part
302
 weakly cohesive
Part
303
 many diffuse salts
Part
304
 rock particles subangular to subrounded and moderately stained
Part
305
 irregular boundary,
Part
543d 16-20cm
401
 brown to dark brown (7.5YR 4/4) sandy gravel
Part
402
 loose
Part
403
 few diffuse salts
Part
404
 rock particles subrounded with smaller particles rounded, weakly to moderately stained and some partly altered
Part
405
 irregular boundary,
Part
543e 20-37cm
501
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sandy to silty gravel
Part
502
 loose
Part
503
 a few brownish oxidised patches around some stones
Part
504
 larger rock particles subangular to subrounded and weakly stained, smaller particles rounded to subrounded 
weakly to moderately stained and some partly altered
Part
505
 distinct boundary,
Part
543f 37-58cm
601
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) pebbly gravel
Part
602
 loose
Part
603
 many diffuse salts and some precipitations around larger clasts
Part
604
 larger rock particles subangular and weakly stained
Part
605
 distinct boundary,
Part
543g 58-70cm
701
 strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) sandy to silty bouldery gravel
Part
702
 moderately cohesive
Part
703
 a few small salt precipitations with concentrations around some sandstone clasts
Part
704
 oxidised patches around some clasts
Part
705
 larger rock particles subrounded to subangular and moderately stained at the surface of the horizon but more 
angular and less stained beneath
Part
706
 distinct boundary,
Part
543h 70-110m
801
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sandy bouldery gravel
Part
802
 loose
Part
803
 rock particles mainly subrounded and weakly to moderately stained
Part
804
 distinct boundary,
Part
543i 110-125cm
901
 strong brown (7.5YR 5/6) sandy to silty gravel
Part
902
 firmly cohesive
Part
903
 pulverulent
Part
904
 a few oxidised patches around some larger clasts
Part
905
 rock particles mainly subangular and weakly to non stained
Part
906
 distinct boundary,
Part
543j 125-130cm
1001
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) sandy bouldery gravel
Part
1002
 loose
Part
1003
 rock particles subangular and unstained
Part
1004
 indistinct boundary,
Part
543k 130-145cm
1101
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) sandy gravel
Part
1102
 loose
Part
1103
 rock particles subangular and unstained
Part
1104
 indistinct boundary,
Part
543l 145-175cm
1201
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/6) bouldery sandy gravel
Part
1202
 loose to weakly cohesive
Part
1203
 larger rock particles subangular and unstained with smaller particles rounded
Part
1204
 indistinct boundary,
Part
543m 175-200cm
1301
 yellowish brown (10YR 5/4) sandy to silty bouldery gravel
Part
1302
 loose
Part
1303
 rock particles subangular and unstained
Part
Yes
SAMPLES
Med
Hi
/
Med
Hi
/
Med
Hi
/
Med
Hi
/
Dry frozen
FROZEN TYPE
200
FROZEN GROUND DEPTH(cm)
4
SOIL WEATHERING STAGE
(>200cm)
Notes:
Geoland
Local rocks are Beacon Sandstone and Ferrar Dolerite; the till in the valley floor contains granite with some large erratics near the valley mouth from outside the 
region; the erratics indicate former incursions of ice into the valley mouth; moraine loops show the extent of various ice advances
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Seive
Size
VolMoisture  
Drill Vol
VolMoisture  
(BD=2)
Soluble Salt 
Concentration
Gravimetric 
Moisture
Particle 
Size
Dry Bulk
Density
Bulk
Density
Base
(cm)
Top
(cm)
Depth 
description
Sample
name
Sample
Key
Physical Data:
 
 
 
Notes
Grav.
MCont
Fe2O3
PartSize
<0.002
PartSize
0.02-0.002
PartSize
0.05-0.02
PartSize
0.1-0.05
PartSize
0.25-0.1
PartSize
0.5-0.25
PartSize
2-0.5
PartSize
<2mm
Sample 
Key
Particle Size
54300001
21.00
40.20
36.70
17.00
2.80
0.90
0.80
0.70
0.90
54300002
79.00
40.70
39.40
14.10
1.40
0.90
1.60
1.00
0.90
54300003
78.00
64.00
26.50
4.60
0.70
0.30
1.40
1.70
0.60
54300004
89.00
58.10
31.60
6.80
1.00
0.50
0.70
0.60
0.80
54300005
51.00
31.00
37.50
22.20
3.50
1.80
1.70
1.40
0.80
54300006
44.00
40.90
36.90
17.60
2.10
0.90
0.60
0.20
0.80
54300007
62.00
32.50
32.10
21.30
3.00
2.40
4.10
3.60
0.90
54300008
83.00
33.70
39.50
22.30
2.10
0.30
0.90
0.40
0.80
54300058
95.00
32.00
33.90
20.40
2.70
2.00
3.50
4.50
1.00
54300009
74.00
35.20
31.70
15.40
1.80
1.10
6.40
7.50
1.00
54300010
80.00
34.80
35.60
24.00
2.80
0.60
0.50
0.90
0.80
54300011
79.00
37.30
41.00
13.40
1.60
1.00
2.00
3.00
0.80
54300012
87.00
36.40
41.90
12.70
1.80
1.00
1.80
3.70
0.80
54300013
74.00
54.60
32.30
8.10
0.90
0.40
0.80
2.10
0.80
54300014
76.00
42.20
41.00
12.90
1.30
0.60
0.30
0.90
0.80
 
 
 
Notes
NO3
meq/100g
SO4
meq/100g
Cl
meq/100g
K
meq/100g
Mg
meq/100g
Ca
meq/100g
Na
meq/100g
EC
mmho/cm
pH
Solution Chemistry:
Sample 
Key
54300001
6.00
0.56
2.60
6.10
2.80
0.25
1.80
0.08
54300002
6.00
0.36
3.40
1.60
1.80
0.28
0.20
1.60
0.30
54300003
6.00
2.00
10.40
35.00
5.50
1.60
0.70
11.20
0.80
54300004
6.80
2.30
22.20
10.00
12.90
1.90
1.90
6.50
3.90
54300005
7.40
5.80
47.00
43.00
65.00
2.30
2.60
30.00
11.40
54300006
6.90
4.80
80.00
15.00
9.70
2.00
1.40
24.00
0.50
54300007
7.90
9.00
40.00
4.00
16.40
2.30
4.40
6.50
2.50
54300008
6.70
0.90
10.90
1.80
3.90
0.40
1.40
1.60
1.10
54300058
7.60
2.20
28.00
2.00
13.30
2.20
4.80
2.50
2.00
54300009
6.80
3.90
49.00
15.00
23.30
2.40
5.60
12.00
3.20
54300010
6.80
0.80
10.30
0.30
1.80
0.40
1.80
0.60
0.80
54300011
7.10
1.46
24.10
2.00
5.00
1.80
2.20
3.00
1.50
54300012
7.10
2.00
24.40
5.00
10.00
1.80
3.20
4.00
2.20
54300013
6.90
0.96
12.60
1.00
2.90
0.30
1.70
1.40
1.20
54300014
6.30
1.00
10.90
2.70
3.60
0.40
1.40
2.20
0.60
 
 
 
CAL
HB
FLD
QTZ
HT
FE 
CHL
SM
CHL
HIV
VT
ICHL
HIV 
IHM
IHM
MICA
Notes
Sample 
Key
Clay Mineralogy:
54300001
30
7
9
18
13
16
mica-smectite 7
54300002
39
7
5
17
11
14
mica-smectite 5
54300003
44
5
14
9
28
54300004
25
4
4
8
12
46
mica-smectite 1
54300005
58
7
5
9
8
18
54300006
68
2
2
8
6
13
54300007
60
4
4
4
4
4
54300008
52
4
3
17
14
10
54300058
89
8
3
54300009
78
12
5
5
54300010
65
5
3
15
6
6
54300011
61
5
1
15
8
10
54300012
61
5
4
14
8
8
54300013
63
4
4
12
8
9
54300014
60
5
2
15
9
9
12-Dec-2005
Printed on
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Site:
543